Agriculture and environmental challenges: proceedings of the by Agricultural Sector Symposium 1993 (World Bank), Jitendra P.

By Agricultural Sector Symposium 1993 (World Bank), Jitendra P. Srivastava, Harold Alderman, World Bank

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Extra info for Agriculture and environmental challenges: proceedings of the Thirteenth Agricultural Sector Symposium

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Environmentally Sustainable Development and Poverty Keeping the poor in their misery, while protecting the environment and promoting economic growth, is not sustainable development. We must strike at the roots of poverty. What is poverty? It is not just having low incomes. It is not just the absence of means of social participation. It is not just the persistence of massive inequities. It is not just deprivation of decent shelter, clothing, and diet; too frequently, it is much more than that. Too frequently it is oppression, hunger, sickness, and deathextreme conditions that defy our capacity to imagine them much less measure them.

In the discussion of technical considerations for sustainable agriculture it is worth dwelling on development strategies of the past. Two thousand years ago in China it was imperative for the Han government to increase agricultural production (and thus its tax receipts), for not only was the population expanding, but expensive wars were being fought. An intensive campaign was therefore mounted both to improve agricultural methods and to expand the agricultural area. The campaign was specifically designed to benefit smallholders, and to improve peasant agriculture by providing the necessary technical inputs and physical infrastructure.

For the official delineation of the Bank's role in the GEF see ''Procedural Arrangements among the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the United Nations Environment Programme, and the United Nations Development Programme for Operational Cooperation under the Global Environment Facility," signed on October 28, 1991. 21. The Ozone Projects Trust Fund, or Montreal Protocol Fund, provides grants and concessional loans to developing countries for environmental clean-up. For the official designation of the Bank's responsibilities see "Procedural Arrangements among the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the United Nations Environment Programme, and the United Nations Development Programme for Co-Operation and Assistance in Protecting the Ozone Layer in the Context of the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer and Its Montreal Protocol on Substances That Deplete the Ozone Layer," signed on June 19, 1991.

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