By Richard M. Freeland
This ebook examines the evolution of yank universities throughout the years following global conflict II. Emphasizing the significance of swap on the campus point, the ebook combines a common attention of nationwide traits with an in depth learn of 8 diversified universities in Massachusetts. The 8 are Harvard, M.I.T., Tufts, Brandeis, Boston college, Boston collage, Northeastern and the collage of Massachusetts. vast analytic chapters research significant advancements like growth, the increase of graduate schooling and study, the professionalization of the school, and the decline of basic schooling. those chapters additionally evaluate criticisms of academia that arose within the overdue Sixties and the destiny of varied reform proposals throughout the Seventies. extra chapters specialize in the 8 campuses to demonstrate the forces that drove other forms of institutions--research universities, college-centered universities, city deepest universities and public universities--in responding to the situations of the postwar years.
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Additional info for Academia's Golden Age: Universities in Massachusetts, 1945-1970
Private donations, including the famous bequest from John Harvard, were also important from the beginning, and accumulating grants strengthened the young college decade by decade. 31 During the two centuries that Harvard remained the lone college serving the commonwealth, its struggles to obtain funds were those of an academic outpost in a comparatively undeveloped society. With the founding in the midnineteenth century of other colleges, institutes, and universities, however, and the general growth of academia following the Civil War, the situation began to change.
Officially constituted by the provincials and general as an Inter-Province Committee in 1921, Tivnan's group worked for a decade on a reform agenda: revising the curriculum, strengthening libraries, cultivating ties to lay alumni, and, above all, training Jesuit faculty at the doctoral level. C. established its own graduate school of arts and sciences and began offering doctorates. Four years later, the college created its first graduate professional school in law. In the end, however, the Inter-Province Committee failed to persuade the provincials or the general of the need for aggressive efforts to upgrade the order's academic institutions.
D. became the standard credential for faculty status in Arts and Sciences. Eliot was aided by the fact that his presidency coincided with a period of local prosperity and a spirit of philanthropy among citizens that brought large donations to the university. Eliot's Harvard paid the best salaries in American higher education and acquired academia's most extensive library and largest endowment. These resources enabled the college in Cambridge to attract leading scholars from the United States and Europe, who, in turn, drew students from beyond New England.