By Charles Gehring
In 1634, the Dutch West India corporation used to be frightened to grasp why the fur alternate from New Netherland were declining, so the corporate despatched 3 staff a ways into Iroquois state to enquire. Harmen Meyndertsz van den Bogaert led the excursion from citadel Orange (present-day Albany, NY). His is the earliest recognized description of the inner of what's this day long island country and its seventeenth-century local population.
Van den Bogaert was once a willing observer, and his magazine is not just a regular log of the place the day trip occasion traveled; it's also a close account of the Mohawks and the Oneidas: the settlements, modes of subsistence, and therapeutic rituals. Van den Bogaert's amazing wordlist is the earliest identified recorded vocabulary of the Mohawk language.
Gehring's translation and Starna's annotations supply critical fabric for anthropologists, ethnohistorians, linguists, and a person with a different curiosity in local American reviews. Michelson's present additions to the wordlist of Mohawk equivalents with English glosses (wherever attainable) and his specialist research of the language within the local American passages supply a precious new measurement to this version of the journal.
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Extra resources for A Journey Into Mohawk and Oneida Country 1634-1635: The Journal of Harmen Meyndertsz Van Den Bogaert Revised Edition
He came with another man, saying that they came from the French Indians. 80 I told him that we would fire 3 shots this evening, and they said that it was good and they were very pleased. We asked them for the locations of all of their castles and for their names, and how far they were from one another. They put down kernels of corn and stones, and Jeronimus made a map from them. We reckoned everything in miles; how far each place was from another. 81 They also said that many beavers were caught there; however, they dared not travel so far because of the French Indians.
They were mostly old men who were all colored or painted with red paint on their faces because they were to perform something strange. Three of them had garlands around their heads upon which were five white crosses. These garlands were made of deer’s hair which they dyed with the roots of herbs. 92 Here they intended to catch the devil and trample him to death, for they stomped all the bark in the house to pieces, so that none remained whole. 93 After much stomping and running, one of them went to the sick person and took an otter from his hand, and for a long time sucked on the sick man’s neck and back.
Jan. 16 In the morning 3 hours before daybreak, when the moon came up, I looked for the path, which I finally found. At 9 in the morning after hard going, I came to a great flat country. After traversing a high hill I came upon a very level path which was made by the Indians who had passed here with much venison when returning home from the hunt to their castles. I saw the castle at 10 o’clock and entered it at 12 noon. At least 100 people accompanied me in and showed me a house where I was to stay.