By Charles C. Mann
Product Description according to the most recent medical findings, this leap forward ebook argues that almost all of what we concept we knew concerning the Americas sooner than Columbus was once mistaken. within the final two decades, archaeologists and anthropologists outfitted with new clinical options have made far-reaching discoveries concerning the Americas. for instance, Indians didn't go the Bering Strait 12,000 years in the past, as such a lot people realized in class. They have been already right here. Their numbers have been gigantic, now not few. And rather than residing frivolously at the land, they controlled it superbly and left at the back of an immense ecological legacy. during this riveting, available paintings of technology, Charles Mann takes us on a captivating trip of clinical exploration. We research that the Indian improvement of recent corn used to be some of the most complicated feats of genetic engineering ever played. That the good Plains are a 3rd smaller this present day than they have been in 1700 as the Indians who maintained them via burning died. And that the Amazon rain woodland will be principally a human artifact. Compelling and eye-opening, this booklet has the aptitude to significantly regulate our realizing of our background and alter the process modern day environmental disputes. �2005 Charles C. Mann; (P)2005 HighBridge corporation style : heritage codecs : EPUB, MOBI caliber : five
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Additional info for 1491; New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus
They were not nomadic, but built up and lived in some of the world’s biggest and most opulent cities. Far from being dependent on big-game hunting, most Indians lived on farms. Others subsisted on fish and shellfish. As for the horses, they were from Europe; except for llamas in the Andes, the Western Hemisphere had no beasts of burden. In other words, the Americas were immeasurably busier, more diverse, and more populous than researchers had previously imagined. And older, too. THE OTHER NEOLITHIC REVOLUTIONS For much of the last century archaeologists believed that Indians came to the Americas through the Bering Strait about thirteen thousand years ago at the tail end of the last Ice Age.
In the next few millennia the wheel and the metal tool sprang up in the same area. C. created the first great civilization. Every European and Asian culture since, no matter how disparate in appearance, stands in Sumer’s shadow. Native Americans, who left Asia long before agriculture, missed out on the bounty. “They had to do everything on their own,” Crosby said to me. Remarkably, they succeeded. Researchers have long known that a second, independent Neolithic Revolution occurred in Mesoamerica.
Snow, an anthropologist at Pennsylvania State University. The problem is that “you can make the meager evidence from the ethnohistorical record tell you anything you want,” he says. ” And some have charged that the claims advance the political agenda of those who seek to discredit European culture, because the high numbers seem to inflate the scale of native loss. Disputes also arise because the new theories have implications for today’s ecological battles. S. law that is one of the founding documents of the global environmental movement.